1804 – The first self-propelling steam locomotive makes its outing at the Pen-y-Darren Ironworks in Wales.
1848 – Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish The Communist Manifesto.
1878 – The first telephone book is issued in New Haven, Connecticut.
1918 – The last Carolina Parakeet dies in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo.
1945 – First flight of the Hawker Sea Fury.
1948 – NASCAR is incorporated.
1958 – The peace symbol, commissioned by Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in protest against the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment, is designed and completed by Gerald Holtom.
1965 – Malcolm X is assassinated at the Audubon Ballroom in New York City by members of the Nation of Islam.
1974 – Tim Horton, Canadian ice hockey player dies in a car crash.(b. 1930)
1975 – Watergate scandal: Former United States Attorney General John N. Mitchell and former White House aides H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman are sentenced to prison.
1995 – Steve Fossett lands in Leader, Saskatchewan, Canada becoming the first person to make a solo flight across the Pacific Ocean in a balloon.