On August 8, 1934 Canadians James Ayling and Leonard Reid took off in their de Havilland DH.84 Dragon from Wasaga Beach, Ontario on a trip that marked the first non-stop overseas flight in Canada lasting 30 hours and 55 minutes ending in Heston, Middlesex, England. The original destination was to be Baghdad, Iraq.
1582 – With the papal bull Inter gravissimas, Pope Gregory XIII announces the Gregorian calendar.
1895 – Revolution breaks out in Baire, a town near Santiago de Cuba, beginning the Cuban War of Independence, that ends with the Spanish–American War in 1898.
1917 – World War I: The U.S. ambassador to the United Kingdom is given the Zimmermann Telegram, in which Germany pledges to ensure the return of New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona to Mexico if Mexico declares war on the United States.
1920 – The Nazi Party is founded.
1955 – First flight of the BOMARC surface-to-air missile
1674 – England and the Netherlands sign the Treaty of Westminster, ending the Third Anglo-Dutch War. A provision of the agreement transfers the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam to England, and it is renamed New York.
1847 – The first group of rescuers reaches the Donner Party.
1878 – Thomas Edison patents the phonograph.
1942 – World War II: Nearly 250 Japanese warplanes attack the northern Australian city of Darwin killing 243 people.
1945 – US Marines invade Iwo Jima
1959 – Last flight of Arrow 201 and the end of the Arrow Program which was officially cancelled the next day.
1976 – Executive Order 9066, which led to the relocation of Japanese Americans to internment camps, is rescinded by President Gerald R. Ford’s Proclamation 4417
1982 – First flight of the Boeing 757
1988 – First flight of the Boeing 737-400
2010 – Tiger Woods apologizes publicly for extramarital affairs
Happy Birthday to Todd Dussault, Gary Miller and Stephen Bluck
1621 – Myles Standish is appointed as first commander of Plymouth colony.
1863 – A group of citizens of Geneva founded an International Committee for Relief to the Wounded, which later became known as the International Committee of the Red Cross.
1904 – Madama Butterfly receives its première at La Scala in Milan.
1909 – Geronimo, American tribal leader dies. (b. 1829)
1932 – Mounties enlisted World War I air ace/bush pilot [[Wop May]] to help them track Rat River Yukon – Albert Johnson, ‘the Mad Trapper of Rat River,’ killed by RCMP in shoot-out after 48-day 240 km manhunt in 40 below weather; charged with killing one Mountie, Constable Edgar Millen and wounding two others.
1933 – The Blaine Act ends Prohibition in the United States. Cheers!
1959 – Project Vanguard: Vanguard 2 – The first weather satellite is launched to measure cloud-cover distribution.
1972 – Sales of the Volkswagen Beetle exceed those of the Ford Model-T.
1981 – Paris Hilton, American model, actress, and singer is born. Model? Actress? Singer?
Happy Birthday to my old friend Lyle Crump and Craig Fuller
1852 – Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established.
1881 – The Canadian Pacific Railway is incorporated by Act of Parliament at Ottawa (44th Vic., c.1). A large part of it is currently on strike,
1903 – Traian Vuia presented to the Académie des Sciences of Paris the possibility of flying with a heavier-than-air mechanical machine and his procedure for taking off, but it was rejected for being an utopia, adding the comments: “The problem of flight with a machine which weighs more than air cannot be solved and it is only a dream.”
1923 – Howard Carter unseals the burial chamber of Pharaoh Tutankhamun. Many years later Steve Martin does a very funny tribute.
1956 – B-47 51-2059 (later RCAF X059) arrived at Cartierville where Canadair would modify it to test the Orenda Iroquois engine for the Avro Arrow.
1959 – Fidel Castro becomes Premier of Cuba after dictator Fulgencio Batista was overthrown on January 1.
1968 – In Haleyville, Alabama, the first 9-1-1 emergency telephone system goes into service.
1978 – The first computer bulletin board system is created (CBBS in Chicago, Illinois).
2006 – The last Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH) is decommissioned by the United States Army.
National Almond Day